جوان که بودم 16
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Festivals and Special Days
New year`s Eve-31st December
New year`s Day-1st January
People celebrate the start of the new year by going to parties on New Year`s Eve. When midnight comes they say "Happy New Year" to each other, kiss each other, and sing a song called AULDLANG SYNE.
The new year is seen as a time when people try to change their lives, for example by promising to stop smoking or to take more exercise.These promises are called New Year`s Resolutions.
According to US tradition, this is the first day of the year that the GROUNDHOG(=a small animal with brown fur that lives in holes in the ground)comes out of its hole.If it sees its shadow, there will be six more weeks of winter; if it does not, good weather will come early.
the third monday in February
A holiday in the US to remember thebirthdays of George Washington and Abraham Lincoln.
A day when people celebrate romantic love, and send cards or give red roses or chocolates to the person they love.
Traditionally a Valentine`s card is not signed by the person who sends it, so the person who receives it has to guess who it is from.
A carnival held in New Orleans, Louisiana, in the days befor lent.There is drinking, dancing, entertainment, and a parade(=a public celebration when musical bands and people dressed in special clothes move along the street in the decorated vehicles).
Shrove Tuesday, also Pancake Day
In the UK this is a day when people eat pancakes(=very thin, flat, round cakes made by frying a mixture of butter, flour, and eggs.)
It is the day befor lent,a period of forthy days when, in the past, Christians ate only simple food.People used up all their milk, butter, and eggs on Shrove Tuesday because they were not allowed to eat them during lent.
St Patrick`s Day
The national day of Ireland, that is also celebrate by Irish people in the UK and US, when people wear green clothes, dye flowers green, and go to the pub and drink guinness.
the Sunday befor Easter
The day when Christians celebrate Jesus`arrival in Jerusalem, when palm leaves were spread on the ground for him to walk on.
Good friday-the Friday befor Easter
This is the day when christians remember the crucifiction of Christ.It is a publis holiday in the UK.In the UK people eat hot-cross buns(= a small sweet cake made of bread with a cross-shaped mark on the top) on this day.
Easter Sunday-March or April
The day when Christians celebrate the resurrection of Christ.
People give each other Easter Eggs and Easter baskets.In the US, children believe that these are brought by the Easter Bunny(=the imaginary rabbit who is believed by children to deliver their Easter Eggs and Easter Baskets on the Easter morning).
also Mothering Sunday
the fourth Sunday in lent
A day in the UK when people give presents and cards to their mother.Mothers are often taken out for lunch, and usually do not have to do the work they normally do.Mother`s Day in the US is later in the year.
April Fool`s Day
In the US and UK, a day when people and news papers, radio programmes etc play tricks on people by making them believe something that is not true.
In the past, this was the day when people welcomed the arrival of spring by dancing around a maypole.The first Monday in May is a peblic holiday in the UK.May Day is connected with workers and Left-Wing political parties.
the second Sunday in May
A day in the US when people gives presents and cards to their mother.Mother`s day in the UK is earlier in the year.
the last monday in May
A holiday in the US to remember soldiers killed in wars.
A day when US people fly the US flag, remembering the day in 1777 when the STARS and STRIPES(=the US flag) was officially accepted and first used.
the third Sunday in June
A day in the US and UK when people gives presents and cards to their father.
Battle of the Boyne
the Monday nearest to 12th July
A bank holiday in Northern Ireland, when Protestants celebrate a battle in 1690 when king William III of England defeated James II, a Catholic and former king of England.
The Orangemen (=members of a society of protestants in Northern Ireland)march through streets.
Fourth of July
also Independence Day
A national holiday when people of the US celebrate their independence from England in 1776 with parades, picnics, and fireworks.
August Bank Holiday
the Monday nearest to 31st August
A holiday in the UK, when people have a final celebration befor the end of summer.There are many outdoor events held on this weekend, such as the Notting Hill Carnival
the first Monday in September
A national holiday in the US.It was originally held to show support for workers, but now many people celebrate it as the end of summer with picnics and barbecues.
A public holiday in many US states, to celebrate the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus.
The day when, in the past, people believed that the spirits of dead people appeared.
Especially in the US, children celebrate Halloween by dressing up as witches, ghosts etc and going trick or treating.They knock on people`s doors, and people give them sweets and small presents.
The Mexican Day of the Dead
A festivals in Mexico and parts of the US where there are many Mexicans,when the spirits of dead people are believed to come back to visit their families.The families offer them gifts of food, flowers, and toys.There is music and dancing, and children play with toy of skeletons.
The day when people remember the end of world war I.
In the US this is known as Veteran`s Day, and people remember the men and women who have fought in all the wars that the US has been involved in.
the first Tuesday after the first Monday in November in even years(1998, 2000,2002 etc)
A special day in the Uk when people wear red papers poppies,and are silent for two minutes at 11 o`clock,to show respect for the men and women who were killed in world war I and II
Guy Fawkes` night
also Bonfire Night
In the UK, a day when people light bonfire and let off fireworks.Traditionally this is done to remember the time when Guy Fawkes tried,but failed,to destroy the Houses of Parliament with gunpower in 1605.
the fourth Thursday in November
A traditionally holiday in the US when people remember how,in the 17th century, Native American helped English people who had come to live in America by showing them how to grow local crops.People usually spend Thanksgiving with their families, and have a special meal of Turkey and Pumpkin pie.
Christmas Eve-24th December
Christmas Day-25th December
Boxing Day-26th December(uk only)
Christmas is the most important festival of the year.It is the birthday of Jesus Christ, but is also celebrating by people who are not Christians.
People have a holiday from school and work, give each other presents, and decorate their homes.Children believe that presents are brought to them by Santa Claus on Christmas Eve.On Christmas Day families have a special meal together.
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